Reading fluency activities build reading fluency which leads to improved comprehension skills

Reading fluency activities build reading fluency which leads to improved comprehension skills. Reading strategies to help fluency include practice reading Dolch words in sentences until they can be read smoothly without stopping or hesitating. Stopping and hesitating impede reading flow which adversely affects comprehension.


In order for my students to get the practice they needed for developing reading fluency, I wrote Dolch art paragraphs for repeated reading. The paragraphs include Dolch words and are intended to be read, then illustrated. By incorporating art activities in the classroom, the right brain is engaged, making it more likely that right-brained children (who are often left-handed) are able to enter into the learning.

I wrote the paragraphs about things I felt would be in the context of second graders. Repeated choral readings daily for a period of one week generally succeeded in building sufficient fluency to move to the next passage the following week.

The paragraphs are also good for individual work using a red dot to help children read across the midline, and they proved to be a favorite reading fluency activity among my students.

Dolch Art Paragraphs


Choral reading is an important strategy for developing reading fluency because when children practice reading together, less fluent readers learn to follow those who are more fluent. It is a very powerful tool especially when used with poetry which lends itself exceptionally well to the technique.

There are many poetry collections which may be used for choral reading. Divide the verses or lines, giving two or three students a portion to read together. Better yet, allow children to choose their own parts.

Be sure to include stanzas which everyone reads together and as always, remember that practice makes fluent!


You do this all the time - have kids take turns reading out loud to each other. It is a great way to improve reading fluency, so good for you! It's also one of the best reading fluency strategies for expanding sight word vocabulary.

Children love chapter books, and they are what I use for partner reading. Need help choosing? Visit Chapter Books for Kids at for expert guidance from Christine Wilson.

Got guys? Head on over to GUYS READ, where you can find great suggestions from Jon Scieszka on materials boys like to read.


One of the very best reading fluency activities is Readers Theater . My students and I highly recommend it, and I know you do, too.


Having difficulty finding reading material for some of your reluctant readers? Try having them write their own stories. It works!



What does physical coordination have to do with fluency? In order to read fluently, a child must be able to move fluently.

Contrary to popular belief, reading is NOT all in your head!

Reading is actually a very physical skill, and in order to read fluently, a child must be able to move fluently. Activities such as skipping, balancing, and jumping rope are coordination skills which are critical in the development of reading fluency.

Use of colored overlays can dramatically improve fluency for those children having perceptual difficulties.

What's Your Favorite Poem for Choral Reading?

Have a favorite poem for choral reading? Please share it!

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Online resources for choral reading

Reading Rockets

Lesson Planet

What's your favorite poem for choral reading? Please share it below!

It's Smart to Use Smart Phones

Phones these days are more than just phones, aren't they? I absolutely love my Droid, and there are some really good applications to support teaching. Here are the ones I use the most.

Voice recorder
It really helps children to listen to themselves read so I use the voice recorder to record their reading and play it back for them. It doesn't take much time, and the children love doing it. It improves their reading fluency because they can actually hear how it sounds if they are hesitating or reading one word at a time. Hearing the recording motivates them to do better next time.

Smart phones can be used to record children reading and improve fluency.

Since the presence of a steady beat appears to improve memory, I downloaded a metronome to my Droid and play it softly in the background at different times throughout the day.

A metronome app on a smartphone can help establish a steady beat to help improve memory in the classroom.

Pandora and TuneIn Radio are great for creating your own Baroque music stations and playing in the background. I am always looking for ways to use music to support memory and comprehension in my classroom. It is available for all smartphones, and I used it when I had a Blackberry, too.

Use Pandora to create a radio station to play Baroque music for supporting memory in the classroom.

Need help grading papers?

Record the answers on your smartphone and play them back to make grading papers easier.

Use the voice recorder on your cell phone to record answers to tests to make grading papers easier!